ADHD can occur in people of any intellectual ability, although it is more common in people with learning difficulties. Symptoms of ADHD tend to be first noticed at an early age, and may become more noticeable when a child’s circumstances change, such as when they start school. Most cases are diagnosed in children between the ages of 6 years and 12years.
The symptoms of ADHD usually improve with age, but many adults who are diagnosed with the condition at a young age will continue to experience problems.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder tend to be more common in boys than in girls.
The cause is not yet fully understood. It is not a disease, but rather a dysfunction of the brain. It is not caused by bad parenting, lack of morals, or genetics.
The symptoms include
- Sleep disorders
- Poor concentration
- Lack of organisational skills
- Inability to focus on and finish tasks
- Inability to take instructions and directions
At present children can be treated with medication to help lessen the symptoms and also with cognitive behavioural therapy and counselling.
It is a difficult diagnosis for a family to live with. The child can often find themselves socially isolated and excluded from parties and team games. It is often difficult for the family to enjoy inclusive outings, as they cannot rely on the A.D.H.D. child to behave in a socially acceptable manner, and society can judge both the child and the parents harshly.
It is important that once a child or adult has received a diagnosis that as much help and support can be utilised. Support groups where families can share experiences and pool ideas and solutions can be a god send after a diagnosis.
A healthy lifestyle including good diet and exercise can help improvement in behaviour and sleep patterns.
For more information: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder